Welcome to Raccoons in Attic
So you have raccoons in an attic of your house. You can easily tell by the thumping sound they make as compared to the lighter, scurrying sound of mice and squirrels. Since raccoons are nocturnal, you probably hear them at night. If it is a family of raccoons, and this is usually the case, that is residing in your attic, you will hear the distinct whining and crying sounds of the litter.
Since raccoons are bigger than most of the critters that can reside in your attic, you can easily see them climb in and out of their den and then sometimes they are sneaky and will baffle you. After all, unlike mice, they exert no effort to hide as they move around looking for food and sniffing through the garbage can.
Raccoons in an attic prefer to live there because it provides safety from the elements. Not only is it warm and dry there, it is very proximate to food sources – garbage cans, leftover pet food, and other human throwaways. To urbanized raccoons, an attic is like a big, hollow tree or cave, only better. Especially to pregnant female raccoons who instinctively seek out enclosed areas, the attic is a perfect place to give birth and raise her young.
Raccoons are great climbers, very strong and have nimble limbs. They usually have no problems getting into attics. Usually, they choose an attic because they have associated human dwellings as a safe place to raise their young; maybe to them our homes resemble a large hollow tree. Houses with open holes and trees that provide easy climbing access to the roof stand a bigger chance of having raccoons invade their homes.
Once inside, a raccoon wastes no time to establish itself in its new home. It flattens areas it wants to make a home in. If it is a female raccoon, it finds a comfortable place to give birth and for the litter to play and grow. In time, as the family grows, they expand the area and more space is occupied. Then the damages they bring start to manifest blatantly.
Often, raccoons shred wall paper, roofing materials, vent ducts and pipe insulations to use as beds for sleeping. Because of their strength, they can tear entire cooling systems apart. They even destroy things they find that they have absolutely no use for. Chewing electrical wires can cause fires and this has happened in many instances.
Aside from posing fire hazards, raccoons also bring great health dangers. Rabies is one usual cause of concern with raccoons specifically when they are sick and looking confused and moving awkwardly. Their droppings contain raccoon roundworm that can fatally infect humans. There are lots of other health risks associated with raccoons considering that they urinate and defecate in your attic. They need to be removed from your attic as soon as they are detected to minimize the damage they may have already done from occupying the space.
Harassment can make raccoons go away especially the female who is protecting her young. Repellant like the scent from predator urine and loud noises may work in some cases. However, raccoons that have lived in your attic for a long time may just ignore them and relocate to another part of the attic. Poisoning them will likewise be counter-productive. While you may be able to kill them, chances are they will die and rot in your attic. The smell would be unbearable.
The best method to eliminate raccoons in an attic is by trapping. There are many traps available and many ways to trap raccoons. In some cases, the litter is used as bait to trap the adult raccoons. Contact wildlife removal professionals to do it for you if you are not confident of doing it yourself.